The history of Roma Termini railway station is a fascinating journey through different eras of Italian architecture and transportation. The first temporary station opened in 1863, serving as the terminus for three important railway lines. Construction of a permanent station designed by architect Salvatore Bianchi began in 1868 and was completed in 1874. The station had a grand façade on Via Cavour with a large clock as its centrepiece and was considered a symbol of the newly unified Italy.
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In 1937, the old station was demolished to make way for a grander structure envisioned for the 1942 World’s Fair. Designed by Angiolo Mazzoni del Grande, the new station featured two long wings and a central office building.
However, World War II halted construction, leaving the project unfinished.
After the war, a competition was held to complete the station. The winning design by architects Cavellini, Montuori, and Purini resulted in the current structure inaugurated in 1950. The new station embodied the optimism and modernity of the post-war era, featuring a soaring glass and steel canopy nicknamed the “Dinosaur” by locals.
Throughout the years, the station has undergone several renovations and expansions to accommodate the ever-increasing passenger traffic. Today, Roma Termini is not just a transportation hub but a vital part of the city’s fabric, bustling with shops, restaurants, and cultural attractions. It stands as a testament to Rome’s rich history and its continuous evolution as a major European capital.